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What is the plan of salvation according to the Catholic church? again I get mixed up what I have heard from the Catholic church and from anti-Catholics, Is there assurance of salvation? I have heard that there is not, yet I was at a Catholic funeral recently and they were very strongly pronouncing that the deceiced was with God. If there is what is it based on?Well, Catholics believe that salvation is a process of sanctification that culminates in eternal life with God after death. We are not ultimately "saved" until we die in union with Christ. This means that there is no "assurance of salvation" or "once-saved-always-saved" understanding in Catholicism. In other words, a person can sin in a way that will destroy the divine life (or the "sanctifying grace") that he once received. I can provide Biblical support for this in another email, if you wish, but for now it looks like you just need to know what it is that Catholics believe.
Catholic funerals can sometimes confuse this issue b/c priests, in an attempt to relieve the sadness of a funeral, will comfort the mourners by telling them that their loved one is now in heaven. This may very well be true....but then again, it may very well not be. If you look at the actual words of the funeral rite, it doesn't canonize the deceased. Instead, it calls for us to pray for them. This is the Catholic response to death and it is a sign of our hope that God will have mercy on the dearly departed. It is also a sign of our faith that the prayers of the faithful on earth can in fact benefit the souls that have gone before us.
John 3:5 talks about being baptized with water and Spirit. Do you have any information, resources, thoughts, further scripture on baptismal regeneration? This is the topic I am looking at closely now in my studies.I have a ton of links to articles on this topic. If you go to the Catholic Defense Directory and click on the Baptism entry, you should fine all the resources you need. In case that entry is a little too overwhelming (I realize that there's a lot there), here are a few articles I would suggest:
[UPDATE: Links are fixed]
Also if you can help me to understand the landscape of the Catholic church right now so I know better the church today. There are quite a few Catholic churches around my house, There is a Latin rite only one right down the street and I have heard of Liberal Priests, Charismatic services, and Conservatives? Is there one Catholic idea and these are branches or are these groups claiming the correct idea from the beginning? or something else?Well, we have to be careful when we label people as "liberal," "conservative," "charismatic," etc. because people define these terms in different ways. Really, there's only one way to be Catholic and that is the faithful, orthodox way. By that I mean, if you believe and profess what the Catholic Church teaches and if you are obedient to the pope and to the bishops in communion with him, then you are a faithful Catholic. Abuse and heresy can creep in to all of these crowds that label themselves (or are labeled by others) in the various ways you listed. So, ultimately, being "liberal," "conservative," or "charismatic" is not as important as simply being faithful and obedient.
Does that answer your question? I hope so. If you have any further questions, just let me know.